New York Natural Heritage Program
Calcareous Cliff Community

International Vegetation Classification Associations [-]
This New York natural community encompasses all or part of the concept of the following International Vegetation Classification (IVC) natural community associations. These are often described at finer resolution than New York's natural communities. The IVC is developed and maintained by NatureServe.


NatureServe Ecological Systems [-]
This New York natural community falls into the following ecological system(s). Ecological systems are often described at a coarser resolution than New York's natural communities and tend to represent clusters of associations found in similar environments. The ecological systems project is developed and maintained by NatureServe.


Characteristic Species [-]
Trees > 5m
  • Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum)
  • Pignut Hickory (Carya glabra)
  • White Ash (Fraxinus americana)
  • Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana)
  • Red Oak (Quercus rubra)
  • Northern White Cedar (Thuja occidentalis)
  • American Basswood (Tilia americana)
Shrubs 2-5m
  • Common Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)
  • Wild Black Cherry (Prunus serotina)
Shrubs < 2m
  • Roundleaf Dogwood (Cornus rugosa)
  • Dasiphora floribunda
  • Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
  • Fragrant Sumac (Rhus aromatica)
  • Prickly Gooseberry (Ribes cynosbati)
  • Purple Flowering Raspberry (Rubus odoratus)
  • American Bladdernut (Staphylea trifolia)
  • Canada Yew (Taxus canadensis)
  • Downy Arrow-wood (Viburnum rafinesquianum)
Vines
  • Climbing Bittersweet (Celastrus scandens)
  • Eastern Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
Herbs
  • Wild Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)
  • Walking-fern Spleenwort (Asplenium rhizophyllum)
  • Wall-rue Spleenwort (Asplenium ruta-muraria)
  • Maidenhair Spleenwort (Asplenium trichomanes)
  • American Harebell (Campanula rotundifolia)
  • Bristleleaf Sedge (Carex eburnea)
  • Broad-leaved Sedge (Carex platyphylla)
  • Bulblet Fern (Cystopteris bulbifera)
  • Wavy Hair Grass (Deschampsia flexuosa)
  • Herb-robert (Geranium robertianum)
  • Kalm's Lobelia (Lobelia kalmii)
  • Canada Moonseed (Menispermum canadense)
  • Oligoneuron album
  • Purple-stem Cliff-brake (Pellaea atropurpurea)
  • Smooth Cliff-brake (Pellaea glabella)
  • Canada Bluegrass (Poa compressa)
  • Virginia Saxifrage (Saxifraga virginiensis)
  • Purple Oat (Schizachne purpurascens)
  • Broad-leaved Goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)
  • Early Meadow-rue (Thalictrum dioicum)
  • Windflower (Thalictrum thalictroides)
Nonvascular
  • Anomodon attenuatus
  • Anomodon rostratus
  • Encalypta procera
  • Gymnostomum aeruginosum
  • Tortella tortuosa
Similar Ecological Communities
  • Cliff community
    Cliff communities have shallow soils and sparse vegetation, but they occur on vertical exposures of non-calcareous bedrock types, such as quartzite, sandstone, or schist.
  • Shale cliff and talus community
    Shale cliff and talus communities occur on vertical, and nearly vertical exposures of shale bedrock, and include areas of talus. Limestone shale cliffs support species associations that are very similar to the calcareous cliff community.
Vegetation
Trees > 5m
Shrubs 2-5m
Shrubs < 2m
Herbs
Nonvascular
0 20 40 60 80 100
Percent Cover
This figure helps visualize the structure and 'look' or 'feel' of a typical Calcareous Cliff Community. Each bar represents the amount of 'coverage' for all the species growing at that height. Because layers overlap (shrubs may grow under trees, for example), the shaded regions can add up to more than 100%.