New York Natural Heritage Program
Tiger Salamander
Ambystoma tigrinum (Green, 1825)

New York State Distribution [-]
The tiger salamander is currently restricted to scattered populations in eastern Nassau and Suffolk Counties on Long Island. The largest populations are in Suffolk County. The salamanders are found primarily in the kettle-rich central Ronkonkoma moraine in the central Pine Barrens, and in the Peconic watershed with peripheral populations in the outwash plain to the north (NYSDEC 2010a; Cryan 1984). The original Long Island distribution included large sections of Nassau, Queens, and western Suffolk Counties and one location on the South Fork where sandy soils prevail. Most of the populations from these areas, as well as those in Brooklyn, Staten Island, and Queens, were destroyed many decades ago by urbanization. The stronghold is currently in the central sections of the Pine Barrens which stretches from Lake Ronkonkoma to Riverhead in the town of Brookhaven (Cryan 1984; Kling 2001) with a small group of populations in the town of Southampton on the South Fork.

Global Distribution [-]
The tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum ssp.) is the most widely distributed salamander in North America (Petranka 1998), being found throughout much of North America from southern Canada to Puebla, Mexico. Absences are noted from most of the Great Basin, most of the western United States west of the Rocky Mountains, New England, and the Appalachians. However, tiger salamanders have been introduced in many localities west of the Rocky Mountains from near sea level to around 3660 meters in elevation. The most common grouping of subspecies within the tigrinum complex recognizes seven subspecies (Petranka 1998). The current United States range of the subspecies found in New York, the eastern tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum tigrinum), stretches from Long Island, New York, south along the coast into northern Florida, and then north into the Mississippi River Valley. Absences are noted from most of the Appalachian Mountains and the lower Mississippi delta (Conant and Collins 1998; Petranka 1998). A disjunct population also exists in eastern Texas (Conant and Collins 1998). See Church et al. (2003) for a map of the county distribution of the eastern tiger salamander.
Best Places to See
• As this species is considered sensitive by the NYSDEC, specific locations are not made public.
• Tiger salamanders are currently on display at Cold Spring Harbor Fish Hatchery and Aquarium in Cold Spring Harbor, New York (ht (Nassau County)