New York Natural Heritage Program
Longtail Salamander
Eurycea longicauda (Green, 1818)
Longtail Salamander Jesse W. Jaycox
Family: Lungless Salamanders (Plethodontidae)

State Protection: Species Of Special Concern
A native species at risk of becoming Threatened; does not qualify as Endangered or Threatened, but have been determined to require some measure of protection or attention to ensure that the species does not become threatened. NYSDEC may regulate the taking, importation, transportation, or possession of any Species of Special Concern as it deems necessary.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S2S3
A State Rarity Rank of S2S3 means: Imperiled or Vulnerable in New York - Very vulnerable to disappearing from New York, or vulnerable to becoming imperiled in New York, due to rarity or other factors; typically 6 to 80 populations or locations in New York, few individuals, restricted range, few remaining acres (or miles of stream), and/or recent and widespread declines. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status.

Global Rarity Rank: G5
A Global Rarity Rank of G5 means: Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.

Did you know?
Lungs are absent in the longtail salamander, as well as in all salamanders of the family Plethodontidae. Respiration is accomplished through the skin and the lining of the mouth (Conant and Collins 1998).

State Ranking Justification [-]
Approximately ten historical locations were noted by Bishop (1941), but only one location has recently been confirmed. Approximately 12 locations were reported in 1998 and 1999 for the New York State Amphibian and Reptile Atlas. Since 1999, one additional location was reported in 2002. New York is at the northern limit of the range and the state range may be more restricted or localized than is suggested by Conant and Collins (1998). The species may also have fairly specific habitat requirements but future survey efforts are likely to confirm additional populations.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]