New York Natural Heritage Program
Longtail Salamander
Eurycea longicauda (Green, 1818)
Amphibians

Identifying Characteristics [-]
The length of adults ranges from 10-15.9 cm (4-6.25 inches), with the record being 19.7 cm (7.75 inches). The ground color varies from yellow to orange or even red, and vertical black markings are present on the tail. These markings are usually conspicuous, although they may vary from the herringbone or "dumbbell" theme that is often described. The black markings on the tail are larger and more conspicuous on some individuals from scattered portions of the range. The young have a relatively short tail (Conant and Collins 1998).
Longtail Salamander Images
click to enlarge
The Best Time to See
Longtail salamander adults are usually terrestrial and nocturnal (Pfingsten and Downs 1989). Based on observations in New York as well as observations in New Jersey and Indiana (Petranka 1998), adults are likely to be active from late April to October. Adults and juveniles disperse to winter underground retreats in October in New Jersey (Petranka 1998), and are likely to do the same in New York.
J F M A M J J A S O N D
Present Reproducing
The time of year you would expect to find Longtail Salamander present (blue shading) and reproducing (orange shading) in New York.
Similar Species
  • Northern Two-lined Salamander (Eurycea bislineata)
    Adult longtail salamanders have 13-14 costal grooves and are larger than two-lined salamanders.