New York Natural Heritage Program
Eastern Spadefoot
Scaphiopus holbrookii (Harlan, 1835)
Amphibians

Threats [-]
Threats include vernal pond loss from development, upland habitat loss and fragmentation, road mortality, contaminants, parasites, and pathogens (New York State Department of Environmental Conservation 2006).

Conservation Strategies and Management Practices [-]
The development of an eastern spadefoot management plan would be beneficial (New York State Department of Environmental Conservation 2006).