New York Natural Heritage Program
Common Loon
Gavia immer (Brunnich, 1764)
Birds
Links

References
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Evers, D.C. 2001. Habitat-specific between year territory fidelity by breeding adult Common Loons. Pp. 57-101 in D.C. Evers. Common Loon Population Studies: Continental Mercury Patterns and Breeding Territory Philopatry. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Minnesota. St. Paul, MN.
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McIntyre, J. W. 1975. Biology and behavior of the common loon (GAVIA IMMER) with reference to its adaptability in a man-altered environment. University of Minnestoa, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Ph.D. dissertation.
McIntyre, J. W. 1979. Status of common loons in New York from a historical perspective. Pages 117-22 in S. Sutcliffe (editor). Proceedings of the Second North American Conference on Common Loon Research and Management, National Audubon Society, New York, New York.
McIntyre, J. W. 1986. Common loon. Pages 679-95 in R. L. Di Silvestro (editor). Audubon Wildlife Report 1986. National Audubon Society, New York, New York.
McIntyre, J. W. 1988. The common loon: spirit of northern lakes. Univ. Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. x + 200 pp.
McIntyre, J.W. and J.F. Barr. 1997. Common loon (Gavia immer) No. 313. In A. Poole and F. Gill, editors. The birds of North America. The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA. 32p.
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Olson, S. T., and W. H. Marshall. 1952. The common loon in Minnesota. Minnesota Mus. Nat. Hist., Occas. Paper No. 5, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Palmer, R. S. (editor). 1962. Handbook of North American birds. Vol. 1. Loons through flamingos. Yale University Press, New Haven. 567 pp.
Parker, K. E., R. L. Miller, and S. Islil. 1986. Status of the common loon in New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Delmar, New York. Unpublished report.
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Parker, K.E. 1985. Foraging and reproduction of the common loon (Gavia immer) on acidified lakes in the Adirondack Park, New York. Unpublished M.S. thesis. SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY.
Piper, W.H., C. Walcott, J.N. Mager, and F.J. Spilker. 2008. Nest site selection by male loons leads to sex- biased site familiarity. Journal of Animal Ecology 77:205-210.
Piper, W.H., J.D. Paruk, D.C. Evers, M.W. Meyer, K.B. Tischler, M. Klich, and J.J. Hartigan. 1997. Local movements of color-marked Common Loons. Journal of Wildlife Management 61:1253-1261.
Rimmer, C. C. 1992. Common loon, GAVIA IMMER. Pages 3-30 in K. J. Schneider and D. M. Pence, editors. Migratory nongame birds of management concern in the Northeast. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Newton Corner, Massachusetts. 400 pp.
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Stone, W.B., and J.C. Okoniewski. 2001. Necropsy findings and environmental contaminants in Common Loons from New York. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 37:178-184.
Storer, R. W., 1988. Variation in the common loon (GAVIA IMMER). Pages 54-65 in P. I. V. Strong (editor). 1987 Conference on Common Loon Research and Management. North American Loon Fund, Meredith, New Hampshire.
Strong, P. I. V. 1990. The suitability of the common loon as an indicator species. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 18:257-261.
Strong, P. I. V., J. A. Bissonette, and J. S. Fair. 1987. Reuse of nesting and nursery areas by common loons. J. Wildl. Manage. 51:123-127.
Strong, P. I. V., and J. A. Bissonette. 1985. Management considerations for common loons in Maine. Maine Coop. Wildl. Res. Unit, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Orono, Maine. Unpublished report.
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Information for this guide was last updated on: 08-Aug-2017