New York Natural Heritage Program
Golden Eagle
Aquila chrysaetos (Linnaeus, 1758)

Habitat [-]
The Golden Eagle prefers wild, remote mountainous areas with open habitat where small game is abundant and cliffs are available for nesting (Andrle and Carroll 1988). Most of the historical nests in New York were placed on inaccessible cliff ledges with a protective overhang. One nest in the Adirondacks was placed 90 feet above the ground in a large White Pine tree. The pair may have several alternate nests and may use the same nest in consecutive years or shift to an alternate nest within their vast hundred square mile territory (Spofford 1971a).

Associated Ecological Communities [-]
  • Acidic talus slope woodland
    An open to closed canopy woodland that occurs on talus slopes (slopes of boulders and rocks, often at the base of cliffs) composed of non-calcareous rocks such as granite, quartzite, or schist.
  • Boreal heath barrens
    A dwarf shrubland or shrub-savanna dominated by heath or heath-like shrubs. Boreal heath barrens occur on nearly level outwash plains of the Adirondacks, in frost pockets lying in valleys.
  • Cliff community
    A community that occurs on vertical exposures of resistant, non-calcareous bedrock (such as quartzite, sandstone, or schist) or consolidated material; these cliffs often include ledges and small areas of talus.

Associated Species [-]
  • Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)
  • Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)