New York Natural Heritage Program
Short-eared Owl
Asio flammeus (Pontoppidan, 1763)

Adair, P. 1982. The short-eared owl (Asio accipitrinus, Pallus) and the kestrel (Falco tinnunculus, L.) in the vole plague districts. Ann. Scot. Nat. Hist. 1982:219-231.
American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1983. Check-list of North American Birds, 6th edition. Allen Press, Inc., Lawrence, Kansas. 877 p.
American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1989. Thirty-seventh supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Checklist of North American birds. Auk 106:532-538.
Andrle, Robert F. and Janet R. Carroll, editors. 1988. The atlas of breeding birds in New York State. Cornell University Press. 551 pp.
Banfield, A. W. F. 1947. A study of the winter feeding habits of the Short-eared Owl in the Toronto region. Canadian Journal of Research 25:45-65.
Bent, A. C. 1938. Life histories of North American birds of prey. Part 2. U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 170. 482 pp., 92 pls.
Beske, A., and J. Champion. 1971. Prolific nesting of short-eared owls on Buena Vista Marsh. Passenger Pigeon 33:99-103.
Bosakowski, T. 1986. Short-eared owl winter roosting strategies. American Birds 40:237-240.
Bull, John. 1974. Birds of New York State. Doubleday, Garden City, New York. 655 pp.
Carter, M., C. Hunter, D. Pashley, and D. Petit. 1998. The Watch List. Bird Conservation, Summer 1998:10.
Clark, R.J. 1975. A field study of the short-eared owl (Asio flammeus) Pontoppidan in North America. Wildlife Monographs 47:1-67.
Combs, K. P., and C. R. Griffin. 1990. Population dynamics, habitat use and management of short-eared owls on Nantucket Island, Massachusetts. University of Massachusetts, Department of Forest and Wildlife Management, Amherst, Massachusetts. Unpublished progress report. 24 pp.
Craighead, J. J., and F. C. Craighead, Jr. 1956. Hawks, Owls and Wildlife. The Stackpole Company, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and the Wildlife Management Institute, Washington, D.C.
Cramp, S., editor. 1985. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Vol. 4, terns to woodpeckers. Oxford University Press, Oxford, England.
Dement'ev, G. P., N. A. Gladkov, and E. P. Spangenber. 1951. Birds of the Soviet Union. Israel Prog. for Sci. Translations, Russian translation, Jerusalem, Israel.
Dubois, A.D. 1924. A nuptial song flight of the short-eared owl. Auk 41:260-263.
Eaton, E.H. 1914. Birds of New York. Part II. New York: University of the State of New York.
Forbush, E. H. 1927. Birds of Massachusetts and other New England States. Part 2: Land birds from bob-whites to Grackles. Massachusetts Department of Agriculture, Boston, Massachusetts. 461 pp.
Goddard, T. R. 1935. A census of short-eared owls (Asio flammeus) at Newcastle, Roxburgshire. Journal of Animal Ecology 4:113-118.
Holt, D. 1985. The short-eared owl in Massachusets. Cape Nat. 14:31-35.
Holt, D. W., and S. M. Melvin. 1986. Population dynamics, habitat use, and management needs of the short-eared owl in Massachusetts: summary of 1985 research. Massachusetts Division of Fish and Wildife, Natural Heritage Program, Boston, Massachusetts.
Johnsgard, P. 1988. North American owls: biology and natural history. Smithsonian Inst. Press. 336 pp.
Keys, Jr.,J.; Carpenter, C.; Hooks, S.; Koenig, F.; McNab, W.H.; Russell, W.;Smith, M.L. 1995. Ecological units of the eastern United States - first approximation (cd-rom), Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. GIS coverage in ARCINFO format, selected imagery, and map unit tables.
Larsen, J.C. 1987. Short-eared owl breeding survey. California Department of Fish and Game, Nongame Wildlife Investigation. Unpublished report. Project No. W-065-R-4, Job No. II-13.
Levine, E. 1998. Bull's birds of New York State. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca, NY.
Lockie, J.D. 1955. The breeding habits and food of short-eared owls after a vole plague. Bird Study 2:53-69.
McGowan, K.J. and K. Corwin, eds. 2008. The Second Atlas of Breeding Birds in New York State: 2000-2005. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. 688 pp.
Melvin, S.M., D.G. Smith, D.W. Holt, and G.R. Tate. 1989. Small owls. Pages 88-96 in B.G. Pendleton, editor. Proceedings of the Northeast raptor management symposium and workshop. National Wildlife Federation, Washington, D.C. 353 pp.
Mikkola, H. 1983. Owls of Europe. Buteo Books, Vermillion, South Dakota. 400 pp.
Murray, G. A. 1976. Geographic variation in the clutch sizes of seven owl species. Auk 93:602-613.
National Geographic Society (NGS). 1983. Field guide to the birds of North America. National Geographic Society, Washington, DC.
NatureServe. 2003. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 1.8. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available (Accessed: January 26, 2004).
NatureServe. 2005. NatureServe Central Databases. Arlington, Virginia. USA
New York State Breeding Bird Atlas 2000. 2004. Report on confirmed or probable breeding short-eared owls in New York by county.
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Endangered Species Unit. 2003. Short-eared owl fact sheet. Last updated March 21, 2003. Available at http://www/ (Accessed on March 5, 2004).
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. 1986. New York State Breeding Bird Atlas Database. Wildlife Resources Center. Delmar, NY.
Peterson, R.T. 1934. A field guide to the birds. First edition. Houghton Mifflin Co., Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Pitelka, F. A., P. Q. Tomich, and G. W. Treichel. 1955. Breeding Behavior of jaegers and owls near Barrow, Alaska. Condor 57:3-18. Ecological Monographs 25(1):85-117.
Post, Tim. 2004. State wildlife comprehensive plan- draft species group report for grassland birds. In: New York State Department of Environmental Coservation. Comprehensive wildlife conservation strategy species reports for: Birds. 114 pgs. September 24, 2004.
Root, T. 1988. Atlas of Wintering North American Birds: An Analysis of Christmas Bird Count Data. The Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL. 312 pp.
Sauer, J.R., J.E. Hines, and J. Fallon. 2007. The North American breeding bird survey, results and analysis 1966-2006. Version 10.13.2007. US Geological Survey, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD.
Schneider, Kathryn J. 2003. The status and ecology of the short-eared owl (Asio flammeus) in New York State. Kingbird. 53(4):313-330.
Smith, G. A. 1989. Point Peninsula, Jefferson County; mouse raptor mecca during the winter of 1987-1988. Kingbird 39(1):7-20.
Snyder, L.L., and C.E. Hope. 1938. A predator-prey relationship between the short-eared owl and the meadow mouse. Wilson Bulletin 50:110-112.
Tate, G. R. 1992. Short-eared owl, Asio flammeus. Pages 171-189 in K. J. Schneider and D. M. Pence, editors. Migratory nongame birds of management concern in the Northeast. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Newton Corner, Massachusetts. 400 pp.
Tate, G. R., and S. M. Melvin. 1987. Population dynamics, habitat use, and management needs of the short-eared owl in Massachusetts: summary of 1986 research. Massachusetts Division of Fish and Wildlife, Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program. Unpublished report.
Tate, G.R. 1991. Population dynamics, reproductive ecology, and conservation of two insular populations of the short-eared owl in Massachusetts. University of Massachusetts, Boston, Massachusetts. M.S. thesis. 107 pp.
Tate, G.R. 1992. Short-eared owl, Asio flammeus. pgs. 171-189 in K.J. Shcneider and D.M. Pence, eds. Migratory nongame birds of management concern in the northeast. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Newton Corner, MA. 400pp.
Tate, G.R., and S.M. Melvin. 1988. Population dynamics, habitat use, and management needs of the short-eared owl in Massachusetts. Massachusetts Division of Fish and Wildlife, Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program, Boston, Massachusetts. Unpublished progress report. 15 pp.
Tate, J., Jr. 1986. The Blue List for 1986. American Birds 40:227-236.
Terres, J. K. 1980. The Audubon Society encyclopedia of North American birds. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.
Urner, C. A. 1925. Notes on two ground-nesting birds of prey. Auk 42:31-41.
Urner, C.A. 1923. Notes on the short-eared owl. Auk 40:30-36.
Village, A. 1987. Numbers, territory-size and turnover of short-eared owls Asio flammeus in relation to vole abundance. Ornis Scandinavica 18:198-204.
Young, L. S., J. G. Grenshaw, and L. L. Grenshaw. 1988. Food caching by a short-eared owl. Murrelet 69:39.


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Information for this guide was last updated on: 07-Aug-2017