New York Natural Heritage Program
Bicknell's Thrush
Catharus bicknelli (Ridgway, 1882)

American Ornithologists Union. 1995. Fortieth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union checklist of North American birds. Auk 112: 819-830.
Andrle, Robert F. and Janet R. Carroll, editors. 1988. The atlas of breeding birds in New York State. Cornell University Press. 551 pp.
Campbell, G., and B. Whittam. 2006. Bicknell's Thrush habitat in Nova Scotia's industrial forest. Final report to the Nova Forest Alliance. Bird Studies Canada, Sackville, NB.
Connolly, V., G. Seutin, J.L. Savard, and G. Rompre'. 2002. Habitat use by the Bicknell's Thrush in the Estrie Region, Quebec. Wilson Bulletin 114:333-341.
Ellison, W.G. 2001. Population structure and gene flow in two long distance migrant birds, the Bicknell's Thrush (Catharus bicknelli) and Veery (C. fuscescens). Ph.D. Dissertation, SUNY Albany.
Evans, W. R. 1994. Nocturnal flight call of Bicknell's thrush. Wilson Bull. 106:55-61.
Goetz, J.E., K.P. McFarland, and C.C. Rimmer. 2003. Multiple paternity and multiple male feeders in Bicknell's Thrush (Catharus bicknelli). The Auk 120:1044-1053.
Hale, S.R. 2006. Using satellite imagery to model distribution and abundance of Bicknell's Thrush (Catharus bicknelli) in New Hampshire's White Mountains. The Auk 123:1038-1051.
Hart, J.A., and J.D. Lambert. 2007. Mountain Birdwatch 2006. Final report to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Vermont Institute of Natural Science Technical report 07-3, Quechee, Vermont.
Hobson, K.A., K.P. McFarland, L.I. Wassenaar, C.C. Rimmer, and J.E. Goetz. 2001. Linking breeding and wintering grounds of Bicknell's Thrushes using stable isotope analyses of feathers. The Auk 118:16-23.
Hobson, K.A., Y. Aubry, and L.I. Wassenaar. 2004. Migratory connectivity in Bicknell's Thrush: locating missing populations with hydrogen isotopes. The Condor 106:905-909.
Holmes, R.T., and R.H. Sawyer. 1975. Oxygen consumption in relation to ambient temperature in five species of forest-dwelling thrushes (Hylocichla and Catharus). Comparative Biochemisty and Physiology 50A:527-531.
Jenkins, J, and A. Keal. 2004. The Adirondack Atlas: a geographic portrait of the Adirondack Park. Syracuse University Press, NY. 275pp.
Keys, Jr.,J.; Carpenter, C.; Hooks, S.; Koenig, F.; McNab, W.H.; Russell, W.;Smith, M.L. 1995. Ecological units of the eastern United States - first approximation (cd-rom), Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. GIS coverage in ARCINFO format, selected imagery, and map unit tables.
King, D.I., J.D. Lambert, J.P. Buonaccorsi, and L.S. Prout. in press. Avian population trends in the vulnerable montane forests of the northern Appalachians, USA. Biodiversity and Conservation.
Lambert, J.D., K.P. McFarland, C.C Rimmer, S.D. Faccio, and J.L. Atwood. 2005. A practical model of Bicknell's Thush distribution in the northeastern United States. Wilson Bulletin 117:1-11.
McLaren, I. A. 1995. Field identification and taxonomy of Bicknell's thrush. Birding 27(5):358-366.
NatureServe. 2005. NatureServe Central Databases. Arlington, Virginia. USA
Nixon, E.A., S.B. Holmes, and A.W. Diamond. 2001. Bicknell's Thrushes (Catharus bicknelli) in New Brunswick clear cuts: their habitat associations and co-occurrence with Swainson's Thrushes (Catharus ustulatus). Wilson Bulletin 113:33-40.
Ouellet, H. 1993. Bicknell's thrush: taxonomic status and distribution. Wilson Bull. 105:545-572.
Ouellet, H. 1996. Bicknell's Thrush. Pages 784-787 in J. Gauthier and Y. Aubry, editors. The breeding birds of Quebec. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Montreal.
Pierce-Berrin, Cheryl. 2001. Distribution and habitat selection of Bicknell's Thrush (Catharus bicknelli) in the Catskill Mountains of New York State. Master's Thesis. Antioch University, Keene, New Hampshire.
Rimmer, C. 1996. A closer look: Bicknell's thrush. Birding 28:118-123.
Rimmer, C. C. and K.P. McFarland. 1997. Population density, demographics, and distribution of Bicknell's Thrush and other subalpine birds on Hunter and Plateau Mountains, New York. Vermont Institute of Natural Science, Woodstock, VT.
Rimmer, C. C., J. L. Atwood, and L. R. Nagy. 1993. Bicknell's thrush: a northeastern songbird in trouble? Bird Observer 21:84-89.
Rimmer, C.C., J.L. Atwood, K.P. McFarland, and L.R. Nagy. 1996. Population density, vocal behavior, and recommended survey methods for Bicknell's Thrush. Wilson Bulletin 108:639-649.
Rimmer, C.C., K.P. McFarland, D.C. Evers, E.K. Miller, Y. Aubry, D. Busby, and R.J. Taylor. 2005. Mercury concentrations in Bicknell's Thrush and other insectivorous passerines in montane forests of northeastern North America. Ecotoxicology 14:223-240.
Rimmer, C.C., K.P. McFarland, J.D. Lambert, and R.B. Renfrew. 2004. Evaluating the use of Vermont ski areas by Bicknell's Thrush: applications for Whiteface Mountain, New York. Vermont Institute of Natural Science, Woodstock.
Rimmer, C.C., K.P. McFarland, W.P. Ellison, and J.E. Goetz. 2001. Bicknell's Thrush (Catharus bicknelli). In The Birds of North of America, No. 592 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc, Philadelphia, PA.
Rimmer, C.C., and K.P. McFarland. 2001. Known breeding and wintering sites of a Bicknell's Thrush. Wilson Bulletin 113:234-236.
Rodenhouse, N.L., S.N. Matthews, and K.P. McFarland. 2007. Potential effects of climate change on birds of the northeast in C.P. Wake, P. Frumhoff, J. McCarhy, J. Melillo, S. Moser, and D. Wuebbles (eds.) Northeast United States Climate Impact Assessment, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change.
Sibley, C.G., and B.L. Monroe, Jr. 1990. Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT. xxiv + 1111 pp.
Strong, A.M., C.C. Rimmer, and K.P. McFarland. 2004. Effect of prey biomass on reproductive success and mating strategy of Bicknell's Thrush (Catharus bicknelli), a polygynandrous songbird. The Auk 121:446-451.
Terres, J. K. 1980. The Audubon Society encyclopedia of North American birds. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.
Wallace, G.J. 1939. Bicknell's Thrush, its taxonomy, distribution, and life history. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 41:211-402.
Wilson, M.D., and B. Watts. 1997. Autumn migration of Gray-cheeked and Bicknell's Thrushes at Kiptopeke, Virginia. Journal of Field Ornithology 68:519-525.


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Information for this guide was last updated on: 07-Aug-2017