New York Natural Heritage Program
Prothonotary Warbler
Protonotaria citrea (Boddaert, 1783)

New York State Distribution [-]
New York is at the northern edge of the breeding range for Prothonotary Warblers. Localized breeding generally occurs in central and western New York and on Long Island.

Global Distribution [-]
The breeding range for Prothonotary Warblers extends from eastern Minnesota and Wisconsin across the southern Great Lakes region to northern New Jersey, south to Texas, the Gulf Coast, and central Florida, west to Oklahoma and Kansas (AOU 1983). Breeding Bird Survey data (1966-1991) indicate relatively high abundances in Louisiana, North Carolina, and Mississippi. The breeding range has expanded northward, especially in the Mississippi Valley and vicinity. Nesting recently (1992) was recorded in Rhode Island (Wadman et al., unpubl., cited in NatureServe 2006). During the non-breeding season, Prothonotary Warblers are found from the Yucatan peninsula (rarely) south on the Caribbean slope of Central America to Nicaragua, both slopes of Costa Rica and Panama, from Colombia east to northern Venezuela, and from the Netherlands Antilles east to Trinidad and Tobago (AOU 1983). They are most common in Panama and western Colombia and northern Venezuela. They are rarely found in Suriname and northern Ecuador. They are known to migrate through and apparently occasionally overwinter in the West Indies. On occasion, Prothonotary Warblers are found in Puerto Rico and they are apparently rare in the Virgin Islands (Raffaele 1983, 1989, cited in NatureServe 2006). There are also records on the Galapagos Islands nearly 1000 km west of mainland South America (Petit and Tarvin 1990, cited in NatureServe 2006).
Best Places to See
• Carlls River at Belmont Lake State Park (Suffolk County)
• Oak Orchard Swamp (Genesee, Niagara, Orleans Counties)