New York Natural Heritage Program
Shortnose Sturgeon
Acipenser brevirostrum LeSueur, 1818
Ray-finned Fishes

Binkowski, F. P., and S. I. Doroshov (editors). 1985. North American Sturgeons: Biology and Aquaculture Potential. Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands. 163 pp.
Burkhead, N. M., and R. E. Jenkins. 1991. Fishes. Pages 321-409 in K. Terwilliger (coordinator). Virginia's Endangered Species: Proceedings of a Symposium. McDonald and Woodward Publishing Company, Blacksburg, Virginia.
Carlson, D. M., and K. W. Simpson. 1987. Gut contents of juvenile shortnose sturgeon in the upper Hudson estuary. Copeia 1987:796-802.
Carlson, Douglas M. 1998. Species Accounts for the rare fishes of New York. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Fish, Wildlife and Marine Resources. Bureau of Fisheries, Endangered Fish Project. 95pp.
Carlson, Douglas. 1986. A review of population characteristics of the shortnose sturgeon in the Hudson River. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Stamford, NY.
Carlson, Douglas. 1998. Summary of activities relating to management of ETs Fishes (as listed in 1983) from 1995 to present. 5pp.
Carlson, Douglas. 2003. E-mail of January 15, 2003 to Hollie Shaw.
Collins, M. R., S. G. Rogers, and T. I. J. Smith. 1996. Bycatch of sturgeons along the southern Atlantic coast of the USA. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 16:24-29.
Cornell Unvirsity. 1993. Sturgeon Notes. The Hudson River Foundation. Lower Hudson River. Issue 1, November 1993. Ithaca, New York. 6pp.
Dadswell, M. J. 1979. Biology and population characteristics of the shortnose sturgeon, Acipenser brevirostrum (LeSueur), 1818 (Osteichthys, Acipenseridae) in the St. John esturary, New Brunswick, Canada. Canadian J. Zoology 57:2186-2210.
Dadswell, M. J., et al. 1984. Synopsis of biological data on shortnose sturgeon, Acipenser brevirostrum LeSueur 1818. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS 14, FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 140.
Dovel, W. L. 1978. Biology and mangement of Atlantic sturgeons,Acipenser oxyrhynchyus (Mitchill), and shortnose sturgeons, Acipenser brevirostrum (LeSueur), of the Hudson Estuary. Wapora Inc. 181 pp.
Dovel, W. L., A. W. Pekovich, and T. J. Berggren. 1992. Biology of the shortnose sturgeon (Acipenser brevirostrum Lesueur, 1818) in the Hudson River estuary, New York. Pages 187-216 in C. L. Smith, editor. Estuarine Research in the 1980s. State University Press, Albany New York.
Dovel, W.L. 1981. The endangered shortnose sturgeon of the Hudson Estuary: its life history and vulnerability to the activities of man. Report submitted to Federal Energy Reg. Comm. by the Oceanic Society. 139pp.
Dovel, W.L. 1981b. The endangered shortnose sturgeon of the Hudson Estuary: its life history and vulnerability to the activities of man. Report submitted to the Federal Energy Regulatory Comm. by the Oceanic Soc. 139 pp.
Dovel, W.L. and T.J. Berggen. 1983. Atlantic strugeon of the Hudson Estuary, New York. New York Fish Game Journal. 30(2):140-172.
Gilbert, C. R. 1989. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Mid-Atlantic Bight) Atlantic and shortnose sturgeons. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Report. 82(11.22). U.S Army Corps of Engineers TR EL-82-4. 28 pp.
Haley, N., J. Boreman, and M. Bain. 1996. Juvenile sturgeon habitat use in the Hudson river. Section VIII: 36 pp. In J. R. Waldman, W. C. Nieder, and E. A. Blair, editors. Final reports of the Tibor T. Polgar Fellowship Program, 1995. Hudson River Foundation, New York.
Hall, J. W., T. I. J. Smith, and S. D. Lamprecht. 1991. Movements and habitats of shortnose sturgeon, Acipenser brevirostrum in the Savannah River. Copeia 1991:695-702.
Hoff, J.G. 1979. Annotated bibliography and subject index on the shortnose sturgeon, Acipenser brevirostrum. NOAA Technical Report NMFS SSRF-731, 16 pp.
Keys, Jr.,J.; Carpenter, C.; Hooks, S.; Koenig, F.; McNab, W.H.; Russell, W.;Smith, M.L. 1995. Ecological units of the eastern United States - first approximation (cd-rom), Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. GIS coverage in ARCINFO format, selected imagery, and map unit tables.
Kieffer, M., and B. Kynard. 1996. Spawning of shortnose sturgeon in the Merrimack River. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 125:179-186.
Kynard, B. 1996. Life history, latitudinal patterns, and status of shortnose sturgeon. Sturgeon Notes (Cornell University) (4):1. [Abstract of a paper to appear in Environmental Biology of Fishes]
Kynard, B. 1997. Life history, latitudinal patterns and status of the shortnose sturgeon. Environmental Biology of the Fishes 48:319-334.
Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina. i-x + 854 pp.
Matthews, J.R. and C.J. Moseley (eds.). 1990. The Official World Wildlife Fund Guide to Endangered Species of North America. Volume 1. Plants, Mammals. xxiii + pp 1-560 + 33 pp. appendix + 6 pp. glossary + 16 pp. index. Volume 2. Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, Fishes, Mussels, Crustaceans, Snails, Insects, and Arachnids. xiii + pp. 561-1180. Beacham Publications, Inc., Washington, D.C.
McCleave, J.D. et. al. 1977. Daily movements of shortnose sturgeon, Acipenser brevirostrum, in a Maine estuary. Copeia (1): 149-157.
NatureServe. 2003. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 1.8. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available (Accessed: January 26, 2004).
NatureServe. 2005. NatureServe Central Databases. Arlington, Virginia. USA
Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 432 pp.
Pottle, R., and M. J. Dadswell. 1979. Studies on larval and juvenile shortnose sturgeon (Acipenser brevirostrum). Report to the Northeast Utilities Service Company, Hartford, Connecticut.
Richmond, A. M., and B. Kynard. 1995. Ontogenetic behavior of shortnose sturgeon. Copeia 1995:172-182.
Robins, C. R., and G. C. Ray. 1986. A Field Guide to Atlantic Coast Fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Massachusetts. 354 pp.
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.
Seibel, D. 1991. Habitat selection, movement, and response to illumination of shortnose sturgeon in the Connecticut River. M. A. thesis, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Smith, C.L. 1985. The Inland Fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, NY. 522pp.
Stone, S. L., et al. 1994. Distribution and abundance of fishes and invertebrates in Mid-Atlantic estuaries. ELMR Rep. No. 12. NOAA/NOS Strategic Environmental Assessments Division, Silver Spring, Maryland. 280 pp.
Taubert, B. D. 1980. Reproduction of shortnose sturgeon, Acipenser brevirostrum, in Holyoke Pool, Connecticut River, Massachusetts. Copeia (1): 114-117.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 1967. Native fish and wildlife: endangered species. Federal Register 32(48):4001.


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Information for this guide was last updated on: 04-Aug-2017