New York Natural Heritage Program
Atlantic Needlefish
Strongylura marina (Walbaum, 1792)
Ray-finned Fishes

Habitat [-]
The Atlantic needlefish is primarily marine, but is a resident fish during the summer months in the Hudson River estuary, where it has been caught as far north as Ulster Park (Smith 1985) and Germantown (Robert Daniels, pers. comm. 2007). Needlefish generally inhabit submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) and marshes of the lower and middle Hudson River, from just north of the Hudson Highlands to just south of the Tappan Zee Bridge (Lake 1983). One specimen is known from the New York portion of the Delaware River, but it is not known how regularly this species occurs in the New York section of this river (Robert Daniels, pers. comm. 2007).

Associated Ecological Communities [-]
  • Freshwater tidal creek
    The aquatic community of a shallow, tidally flooded freshwater creek with submerged areas averaging less than 2 m (6 ft) deep at low tide.
  • Tidal river
    The aquatic community of a river under the influence of daily lunar tides. We restrict this community to the continuously flooded portions of the river where plants do not grow out of the water. A deepwater zone has depths averaging more than 2 m (6 ft) at low tide. Salinities at any one place in the river may fluctuate as the tides flow in and out.

Associated Species [-]
  • Striped Bass (Morone saxatilis)
  • Bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix)