New York Natural Heritage Program
Atlantic Needlefish
Strongylura marina (Walbaum, 1792)
Ray-finned Fishes

Boughton, D. A., B. B. Collette, and A. R. McCune. 1991. Heterochrony in jaw morphology of needlefishes (Teleostei: Belonidae). Systematic Zoology 40:329-354.
Carpenter, K.E., editor. 2002. The living marine resources of the western central Atlantic. Volume 2: Bony fishes part 1 (Acipenseridae to Grammatidae). American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists and the Food and Drug Administration.
Greeley, J.R. 1937. The fishes of the area with annotated list. pp. 45-104 in a biological survey of the Lower Hudson watershed. Suppl. to 26th annual report, 1936. Albany, NY.
Keys, Jr.,J.; Carpenter, C.; Hooks, S.; Koenig, F.; McNab, W.H.; Russell, W.;Smith, M.L. 1995. Ecological units of the eastern United States - first approximation (cd-rom), Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. GIS coverage in ARCINFO format, selected imagery, and map unit tables.
Lake, Tom. 1983. Poor Man's Marlin - The Atlantic Needlefish. The Conservationist, July-August 1983, pp. 32-36.
Lake, Tom. 2007. E-mail of December 26-27, 2007 to Jesse W. Jaycox regarding Atlantic needlefish in the Hudson River estuary.
Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina. i-x + 854 pp.
Manooch, C. S., III. 1984. Fisherman's guide. Fishes of the southeastern United States. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh. 362 pp.
Mearns, E.A. 1898. A study of the vertebrate fauna of the Hudson Highlands, with observations on the mollusca, crustacea, lepidoptera, and the flora of the region. Bulletin American Museum Natural History 10(16):303-352.
NatureServe. 2005. NatureServe Central Databases. Arlington, Virginia. USA
Robins, C. R., and G. C. Ray. 1986. A Field Guide to Atlantic Coast Fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Massachusetts. 354 pp.
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.
Smith, C.L. 1985. The Inland Fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, NY. 522pp.
Socrates, Julia. 2007. A study of the striped bass in the Marine District of New York State. Unpublished report to the United States Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service of November 2007.
Socrates, Julia. 2007. Atlantic needlefish caught in WLI (western Long Island) seine survey. Unpublished catch effort graph of December 27, 2007 for the years 1984 to 2007.


Funding from the NYSDEC Hudson River Estuary Program made the initial development of these guides possible.

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This guide was authored by:
Information for this guide was last updated on: 10-Aug-2017