New York Natural Heritage Program
Eastern Sand Darter
Ammocrypta pellucida (Agassiz, 1863)
Ray-finned Fishes

Threats [-]
The major threat to eastern sand darters is habitat loss as a result from stream pollution, stream stabilization, increased siltation, and stream fragmentation due to dam construction. One additional threat involves the use of lamprey control practices in the Poultney River although reduced levels of lampricide are being used in that river as a precaution (Carlson 1998).

Conservation Strategies and Management Practices [-]
Protect the habitat occupied by eastern sand darters by preventing the introduction of toxic pollutants and debris from run-off, and prevent siltation as a result of altered hydrologic flow that could be created by impoundments or dams (Bouton 1989; Carlson 1998, 2005; Facey 1998). Monitor habitat conditions and current populations and consider reintroducing eastern sand darters into historical locations, where suitable (Bouton 1989).

Research Needs [-]
More information regarding breeding and spawning behavior, year-to-year population variation, and microhabitat requirements is needed. Expand survey efforts in suitable habitat to discover new populations of eastern sand darters. Conduct genetic analysis on the disjunct populations of the St. Lawrence and Lake Champlain drainages to determine similarity between these and others in their range (Facey 1998). Additional rivers in the St. Lawrence drainage may remain to be surveyed. It is possible that the Cattaraugus and Cazenovia Creeks could have been recolonized from Lake Erie if the creeks are indeed recovering from earlier pollution, so resurveys of those creeks may be warranted. Some effort to standardize population estimates for the various rivers may be needed (Carlson 1998, 2005).