New York Natural Heritage Program
Allegheny Woodrat
Neotoma magister Baird, 1858
Allegheny Woodrat Alan Hicks
Family: (Cricetidae)

State Protection: Endangered
A native species in imminent danger of extirpation or extinction in New York (includes any species listed as federally Endangered by the United States). It is illegal to take, import, transport, possess, or sell an animal listed as Endangered, or its parts, without a permit from NYSDEC. 1) Any native species in imminent danger of extirpation or extinction in New York. 2) Any species listed as endangered by the United States Department of the Interior.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S1
A State Rarity Rank of S1 means: Typically 5 or fewer occurrences, very few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or some factor of its biology makes it especially vulnerable in New York State.

Global Rarity Rank: G3G4
A Global Rarity Rank of G3G4 means: Vulnerable globally, or Apparently Secure -- At moderate risk of extinction, with relatively few populations or locations in the world, few individuals, and/or restricted range; or uncommon but not rare globally; may be rare in some parts of its range; possibly some cause for long-term concern due to declines or other factors. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status.

Did you know?
The Allegheny woodrat is not closely related to the European rats, such as the Norway Rat (Rattus norvegicus). It is more closely related to the White-footed Deermouse (Peromyscus leucopus) or North American Deermouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) (New York State Department of Environmental Conservation 2007).

State Ranking Justification [-]
There is a single extant occurrence in New York that represents a recent rediscovery. The population at this location is small and possibly unstable. The general belief is that the species was extirpated from all other locations in the state by 1987 (New York State Department of Environmental Conservation 2007). A reintroduction effort in the Shawangunks in Ulster County in 1990 was unsuccessful due to subsequent infection by the raccoon roundworm (Baylisascaris procyonis) in the released animals (McGowan 1993).

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]