New York Natural Heritage Program
Allegheny Woodrat
Neotoma magister Baird, 1858
Mammals

New York State Distribution [-]
The Allegheny woodrat is at the northern extent of its range in New York State with only one extant occurrence in Rockland County. This species historically occurred in at least three counties in the Hudson River Valley, on the west side of the Hudson River, from the Palisades at the New York-New Jersey border north through the Hudson Highlands and the Shawangunk Ridge (New York State Department of Environmental Conservation 2007). Researchers have discovered prehistoric evidence of woodrats (i.e., bones over 20,000 years old) as far north in the Hudson River Valley as Albany (Hicks 1989, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation 2007).

Global Distribution [-]
The range extends from western Connecticut (formerly), southeastern New York (virtually extirpated), northern New Jersey, and northern Pennsylvania southwestward through western Maryland, Tennessee, Kentucky, West Virginia, and northern and western Virginia (from the Blue Ridge westward) to northeastern Alabama (observed in several cave systems) and northwestern North Carolina (Hall 1981), with isolated populations north of the Ohio River in southern Ohio (where recent surveys failed to locate this species) (W. Peneston, pers. comm., cited by Mengak 2002 in NatureServe 2007) and southern Indiana (Whitaker and Hamilton 1998). Although Hall (1981) showed Neotoma magister in the northwestern corner of Georgia, the Tennessee River is generally accepted as the southern range limit.