New York Natural Heritage Program
Blanding's Turtle
Emydoidea blandingii (Holbrook, 1838)

Adams, M. S., and H. F. Clarke. 1958. A herpetofaunal survey of Long Point, Ontario, Canada. Herpetologica 14(1):8-10.
Bickham, J. W., T. Lamb, P. Minx, and J. C. Patton. 1996. Molecular systematics of the genus Clemmys and the intergeneric relationships of emydid turtles. Herpetologica 52:89-97.
Bleakney, J. S. 1963. Notes on the distribution and life histories of turtles in Nova Scotia. Can. Field-Nat. 77(2): 67-76.
Brown, J. R. 1927. A Blanding's turtle lays its eggs. Canadian Field Naturalist XLI(7):185.
Carr, A. 1952. Handbook of turtles. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca, New York. 542 pp.
Coffin, B., and L. Pfannmuller, editors. 1988. Minnesota's endangered flora and fauna. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, Minnesota. 473 pp.
Conant, R. 1951. The reptiles of Ohio. Second edition. American Midland Naturalist 20:1-284.
Conant, R., and J. T. Collins. 1991. A field guide to reptiles and amphibians: Eastern and central North America. Third edition. The Peterson Field Guide Series No. 12. Houghton Mifflin Company, New York. 450 pp. plus color plates.
Conant, R., and J. T. Collins. 1998. A field guide to reptiles and amphibians: eastern and central North America. Third edition, expanded. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Massachusetts. 616 pp.
Cook, F. R. 1984. Introduction to Canadian amphibians and reptiles. National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museums of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.
DeGraaf, R. M., and D. D. Rudis. 1983. Amphibians and reptiles of New England. Habitats and natural history. Univ. Massachusetts Press. vii + 83 pp.
Ernst, C. H., R. W. Barbour, and J. E. Lovich. 1994. Turtles of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. xxxviii + 578 pp.
Ernst, C. H., and R. W. Barbour. 1972. Turtles of the United States. Univ. Press of Kentucky, Lexington. x + 347 pp.
Ewert, M. A. 1979. The embryo and its egg. Pages 333-413 in M. Harless and H. Morlock, editors. Turtles: Perspectives and Research. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Feldman, C. R., and J. F. Parham. 2002. Molecular phylogenetics of emydine turtles: taxonomic revision and the evolution of shell kinesis. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22:388-398.
Graham, T. E., and T. S. Doyle. 1977. Growth and population characteristics of Blanding's turtles EMYDOIDEA BLANDINGII in Massachusetts. Herpetologica 33:410-414.
Gutzke, W. H. N., and G. C. Packard. 1987. The influence of temperature on eggs and hatchlings of Blanding's turtles, EMYDOIDEA BLANDINGII. Journal of Herpetology 21:161-163.
Harding, J. H. 1997. Amphibians and reptiles of the Great Lakes region. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor. xvi + 378 pp.
Herman, T. B., T. D. Power, and B. R. Eaton. 1995. Status of Blanding's turtles, EMYDOIDEA BLANDINGII, in Nova Scotia, Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 109:182-191.
Iverson, J. B. 1992. A revised checklist with distribution maps of the turtles of the world. Privately printed. Earlham College, Richmond, Indiana.
Keys, Jr.,J.; Carpenter, C.; Hooks, S.; Koenig, F.; McNab, W.H.; Russell, W.;Smith, M.L. 1995. Ecological units of the eastern United States - first approximation (cd-rom), Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. GIS coverage in ARCINFO format, selected imagery, and map unit tables.
Kiviat, Erik. 1985. Blanding's turtle preliminary population survey at the Nature Conservancy Jolis Trade Lands property, New York. Unpublished report to The Nature Conservancy. 13 pp.
Kofron, C. P., and A. A. Schreiber. 1985. Ecology of two endangered aquatic turtles in Missouri: KINOSTERNON FLAVESCENS and EMYDOIDEA BLANDINGII. J. Herpetol. 19:27-40.
Lagler, K. F. 1943. Food habits and economic relations of turtles of Michigan with special reference to fish management. American Midland Naturalist 29(2):257-312.
Moriarty, J. J. 1988. Studying the turtle with the yellow throat. The Minnesota Volunteer May-June:37-40.
NatureServe. 2005. NatureServe Central Databases. Arlington, Virginia. USA
NatureServe. 2006. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 4.7. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available (Accessed: March 28, 2006).
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Fish, Wildlife and Marine Resources. 2006. Blanding's Turtle fact sheet.
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Fish, Wildlife, and Marine Resources. 2006. New York State Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy. Albany, NY: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. 1985. Checklist of the amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals of New York State, including their protective status. Nongame Unit. Wildlife Resources Center. Delmar, NY.
Penn, G. H. 1950. Utilization of crawfishes by cold-blooded vertebrates in the eastern United States. American Midland Naturalist 44:643-658.
Piepgras, S. A., and J. W. Lang. 2000. Spatial ecology of Blanding's turtle in central Minnesota. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 3:589-601.
Pope, C.H. 1939. Turtles of the United States and Canada. Alfred A. Knopf, New York. 343 pp.
Reilly, E.M., Jr. 1958. Turtles of New York. New York State Conservationist.
Standing, K. L., T. B. Herman, M. Shallow, T. Power, and I. P. Morrison. 2000. Results of the nest protection program for Blanding's turtles in Kejimkujik National Park, Canada: 1987-1997. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 3:637-642.
Standing, K. L., T. B. Herman, and I. P. Morrison. 1999. Nesting ecology of Blanding's turtle (Emydoidea blandingii) in Nova Scotia, the northeastern limit of the species' range. Canadian Journal of Zoology 77:1609-1614.
Vogt, R. C. 1981. Natural history of amphibians and reptiles of Wisconsin. Milwaukee Public Museum. 205 pp.


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This guide was authored by:
Information for this guide was last updated on: 08-Aug-2017