New York Natural Heritage Program
Appalachian Azure
Celastrina neglectamajor Opler and Krizek, 1984
Insects

Threats [-]
The major threats are from development, which leads to habitat loss and alteration. Habitat fragmentation could be a serious issue since apparently this species is quite scarce (Glassberg 1993). In most areas, occupied habitats are probably too separated to allow much movement between patches. Besides development, invasive understory plants that can displace the foodplant, Black Cohosh (Actaea racemosa), are a serious threat. Deer are a potential threat, but may not impact the foodplant as severely as they do to some other understory flora. Deer potentially could eradicate a population virtually overnight by consuming the flowers of the foodplant and any eggs or larvae on them. More information is needed on this threat. Gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) spraying could be a threat depending on timing and whether or not the larvae would be sensitive to Btk (Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki - a bacterial biological control used on gypsy moths) applications. Harvest of the foodplant for alleged medicinal properties is a potential threat.

Conservation Strategies and Management Practices [-]
Managing invasive understory plants like garlic mustard might be considered. If deer threaten the flowers of the foodplant, Black Cohosh (Actaea racemosa), then immediate action would needed to prevent this. In this scenario, a delay in action of just a few days could easily lead to loss of the population.

Research Needs [-]
The most important need is to assess the degree of threat posed to the foodplant, Black Cohosh (Actaea racemosa), by deer and invasive plants. Deer consumption of the flowers or young fruit, and larvae on them, would be the issue. Also, identification of historical specimens need to be reverified to more precisely determine the distribution of this species.