New York Natural Heritage Program
Karner Blue
Plebejus melissa samuelis (Nabokov, 1944)
Insects
Links

References
Allen, T.J., J.P. Brock, and J. Glassberg. 2005. Caterpillars in the field and garden. Oxford University Press, New York. 232 pp.
Brock, J. P., and K. Kaufman. 2003. Butterflies of North America. Kaufman Focus Field Guides, Houghton Mifflin Company, New York, NY 284 pp.
Gall, L. F. 1985. Measuring the Size of Lepidopteran Populations. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera. 24(2):97-116.
Givnish, T., Menges, E., and Schweitzer, D.F. 1988. Minimum area requirements for long-term conservation of the Albany Pine bush and Karenr bule butterfly. Consultants report prepared for the City of Alabny, NY, Malcom Pirnie, Inc.
Glassberg, J. 1993. Butterflies through binoculars: A field guide to butterflies in the Boston-New York-Washington region. Oxford University Press: New York. 160 pp.
Glassberg, J. 1999. Butterflies Through Binoculars: The East. Oxford University Press, New York, New York. 400 pp.
Iftner, D. C., J. A. Shuey, and J. V. Calhoun. 1992. Butterflies and Skippers of Ohio. Ohio Biological Survey Bulletin. New Series, Vol. 9, no. 1, xii + 212 pp., 40 color plates.
Keys, Jr.,J.; Carpenter, C.; Hooks, S.; Koenig, F.; McNab, W.H.; Russell, W.;Smith, M.L. 1995. Ecological units of the eastern United States - first approximation (cd-rom), Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. GIS coverage in ARCINFO format, selected imagery, and map unit tables.
NatureServe. 2005. NatureServe Central Databases. Arlington, Virginia. USA
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. 1998. Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis) Nabokov. New York State recovery plan. Unpublished draft.
Opler, P. A., and A. D. Warren. 2002. Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico. C.P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. 79 pp.
Opler, P.A. and G.O. Krizek. 1984. Butterflies East of the Great Plains, an illustrated natural history. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore. 294pp.
Opler, P.A. and V. Malikul. 1992. A field guide to eastern butterflies. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, MA. 396 pp.
Schweitzer, D.F., 1994. Recovery Goals and methods for Karner Blue Butterfly populations, Chapter 20, pp.185-193 in Andow, D.A.; Baker, R.J. and Lane, C.P. (eds.) Karner Blue butterfly: a symbol of a vanishing landscape. Misc. Publ. 84-1994 Minnesota Agric. Expt. Sta., St. Paul, MN 222pp.
Schweitzer, Dale F., 1994. Prioritizing Karner Blue Butterfly Habitats for Protection Activities, Chapter 19, pp. 173-183 in Andow, D.A., R.J.Baker, and C.P. Lane (eds.) Karner blue Butterfly: a symbol of a vanishing landscape. Misc. Publ. 84-1994 Minnesota Agric. Expt. Station, Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 222 pp.
Shapiro, A.M. 1974. Butterflies and Skippers of New York State. Search 4:1-60.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 1992. Determination of endangered status for the Karner Blue butterfly [Lycaeides melissa samuelis]. Federal Register 59236-59244.

Acknowledgements

Funding from the NYSDEC Hudson River Estuary Program made the initial development of these guides possible.

Additional support has been provided by

Website architect: Andrew Blick.
Modifications and updates: David Marston and Matthew Buff.

Global data are provided by NatureServe and its Natural Heritage member programs, a leading source of information about rare and endangered species, and threatened ecosystems.

New York Natural Heritage Program
625 Broadway, 5th Floor, Albany, NY 12233-4757
Phone: (518) 402-8935 Fax: (518) 402-8925

Please send comments and suggestions to: acris [at] nynhp [dot] org

To continue building a comprehensive, up-to-date database of information on the locations of rare species in New York State, we invite your contributions. If you have information on a rare species, please fill out our Online Rare Species Reporting Form. If you have information on ecological communities, please fill out a Natural Heritage Reporting Form (two-page MS Word document).

This guide was authored by:
Information for this guide was last updated on: 10-Aug-2017