New York Natural Heritage Program
Pine Devil
Citheronia sepulcralis Grote and Robinson, 1865
Pine Devil Jim Vargo
Family: Giant Silkworm and Royal Moths (Saturniidae)

State Protection: Not Listed
The species is not listed or protected by New York State.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S1
A State Rarity Rank of S1 means: Typically 5 or fewer occurrences, very few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or some factor of its biology makes it especially vulnerable in New York State.

Global Rarity Rank: G4G5
A Global Rarity Rank of G4G5 means: Apparently or Demonstrably Secure globally - Uncommon to common in the world, but not rare; usually widespread, but may be rare in some parts of its range; possibly some cause for long-term concern due to declines or other factors. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status.

Did you know?
The Pine Devil derives its name from the presence of large "horns" on the caterpillar. The caterpillar feeds on pines.

State Ranking Justification [-]
The Pine Devil was last documented in New York State in 1984, as pupae collected from Montauk, Long Island. It is unknown whether it still exists in New York State. The species was eradicated from New England (approximately 5% or more of its range), likely due to the introduced parasitoid fly Compsilura concinnata. Currently, the Pine Devil is thought to be extirpated or very rare north of Pennsylvania and New Jersey (Maier et al. 2004). Additional surveys are needed to better understand its status and distribution in the state.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]