New York Natural Heritage Program
Gordian Sphinx
Sphinx gordius Cramer, 1779
Insects

Habitat [-]
In New York State, the Gordian Sphinx is known only from the dwarf pine barrens on Long Island. These open, dry woodlands are dominated by a mixture of dwarf pitch pine and scrub oak. Common shrubs are black huckleberry, blueberries, and sweetfern.

Associated Ecological Communities [-]
  • Dwarf pine plains
    A woodland community dominated by dwarf individuals of pitch pine and scrub oak that occurs on nearly level outwash sand and gravel plains in eastern Long Island. The soils are infertile, coarse textured sands that are excessively well-drained.
  • Pitch pine-oak forest
    A mixed forest that typically occurs on well-drained, sandy soils of glacial outwash plains or moraines; it also occurs on thin, rocky soils of ridgetops. The dominant trees are pitch pine mixed with one or more of the following oaks: scarlet oak, white oak, red oak, or black oak.
  • Pitch pine-oak-heath woodland
    A pine barrens community that occurs on well-drained, infertile, sandy soils. The structure of this community is intermediate between a shrub-savanna and a woodland. Pitch pine and white oak are the most abundant trees.

Associated Species [-]
  • Toothed Apharetra (Apharetra dentata)
  • Herodias Underwing (Catocala herodias)
  • Jair Underwing (Catocala jair)
  • Melsheimer's Sack Bearer (Cicinnus melsheimeri)
  • Packard's Lichen Moth (Cisthene packardii)
  • Projecta Gray (Cleora projecta)
  • A Moth (Dasychira pinicola)
  • A Geometrid Moth (Euchlaena madusaria)
  • Violet Dart (Euxoa violaris)
  • Coastal Barrens Buckmoth (Hemileuca maia ssp 5)
  • A Notodontid Moth (Heterocampa varia)
  • Orange Holomelina (Holomelina aurantiaca)
  • Yellow-Spotted Graylet (Hyperstrotia flaviguttata)
  • Barrens Itame (Itame sp 1)
  • Pale Green Pinion Moth (Lithophane viridipallens)
  • A Slug Moth (Monoleuca semifascia)
  • Gray Woodgrain (Morrisonia mucens)
  • Pink Sallow (Psectraglaea carnosa)
  • A Noctuid Moth (Schinia spinosae)
  • Pine Barrens Zale (Zale sp 1 nr lunifera)