New York Natural Heritage Program
Black-eyed Zale
Zale curema (Smith, 1908)
Insects

Habitat [-]
Zale curema requires stands of pitch pine (Pinus rigida), but not necessarily pine barrens. In other states, this species has been found in forests with abundant pitch pine.

Associated Ecological Communities [-]
  • Chestnut oak forest
    A hardwood forest that occurs on well-drained sites in glaciated portions of the Appalachians, and on the coastal plain. This forest is similar to the Allegheny oak forest; it is distinguished by fewer canopy dominants and a less diverse shrublayer and groundlayer flora. Dominant trees are typically chestnut oak and red oak.
  • Pitch pine-oak-heath rocky summit
    A community that occurs on warm, dry, rocky ridgetops and summits where the bedrock is non-calcareous (such as quartzite, sandstone, or schist), and the soils are more or less acidic. This community is broadly defined and includes examples that may lack pines and are dominated by scrub oak and/or heath shrubs apparently related to fire regime.