New York Natural Heritage Program
Pine Barrens Zale
Zale lunifera (Hübner, 1818)
Insects

Habitat [-]
This moth species requires extensive scrub oak barrens. In New York, it inhabits a pitch pine-scrub oak barrens, and the edge between a maritime heathland and maritime dunes and/or sea level fen.

Associated Ecological Communities [-]
  • Dwarf pine plains
    A woodland community dominated by dwarf individuals of pitch pine and scrub oak that occurs on nearly level outwash sand and gravel plains in eastern Long Island. The soils are infertile, coarse textured sands that are excessively well-drained.
  • Maritime heathland
    A dwarf shrubland community that occurs on rolling outwash plains and moraine of the glaciated portion of the Atlantic coastal plain, near the ocean and within the influence of onshore winds and salt spray.
  • Pitch pine-oak-heath woodland
    A pine barrens community that occurs on well-drained, infertile, sandy soils. The structure of this community is intermediate between a shrub-savanna and a woodland. Pitch pine and white oak are the most abundant trees.

Associated Species [-]
  • Toothed Apharetra (Apharetra dentata)
  • Herodias Underwing (Catocala herodias)
  • Jair Underwing (Catocala jair)
  • Melsheimer's Sack Bearer (Cicinnus melsheimeri)
  • Packard's Lichen Moth (Cisthene packardii)
  • Projecta Gray (Cleora projecta)
  • A Moth (Dasychira pinicola)
  • A Geometrid Moth (Euchlaena madusaria)
  • Violet Dart (Euxoa violaris)
  • Coastal Barrens Buckmoth (Hemileuca maia ssp 5)
  • Orange Holomelina (Holomelina aurantiaca)
  • Yellow-Spotted Graylet (Hyperstrotia flaviguttata)
  • Barrens Itame (Itame sp 1)
  • Pale Green Pinion Moth (Lithophane viridipallens)
  • A Slug Moth (Monoleuca semifascia)
  • Gray Woodgrain (Morrisonia mucens)
  • Pink Sallow (Psectraglaea carnosa)
  • A Noctuid Moth (Schinia spinosae)
  • Gordian Sphinx (Sphinx gordius)