New York Natural Heritage Program
Herodias or Pine Barrens Underwing
Catocala herodias gerhardi Barnes and Benjamin, 1927

Habitat [-]
This species is exclusively found in pitch pine-scrub oak communities, usually on sand, but sometimes on acidic rocks in the lower Hudson Valley. In some other parts of the range there may be few enough pitch pines that sites could be be considered shrublands rahther than wooded.

Associated Ecological Communities [-]
  • Chestnut oak forest
    A hardwood forest that occurs on well-drained sites in glaciated portions of the Appalachians, and on the coastal plain. This forest is similar to the Allegheny oak forest; it is distinguished by fewer canopy dominants and a less diverse shrublayer and groundlayer flora. Dominant trees are typically chestnut oak and red oak.
  • Dwarf pine plains
    A woodland community dominated by dwarf individuals of pitch pine and scrub oak that occurs on nearly level outwash sand and gravel plains in eastern Long Island. The soils are infertile, coarse textured sands that are excessively well-drained.
  • Pitch pine-oak forest
    A mixed forest that typically occurs on well-drained, sandy soils of glacial outwash plains or moraines; it also occurs on thin, rocky soils of ridgetops. The dominant trees are pitch pine mixed with one or more of the following oaks: scarlet oak, white oak, red oak, or black oak.
  • Pitch pine-oak-heath rocky summit
    A community that occurs on warm, dry, rocky ridgetops and summits where the bedrock is non-calcareous (such as quartzite, sandstone, or schist), and the soils are more or less acidic. This community is broadly defined and includes examples that may lack pines and are dominated by scrub oak and/or heath shrubs apparently related to fire regime.
  • Pitch pine-oak-heath woodland
    A pine barrens community that occurs on well-drained, infertile, sandy soils. The structure of this community is intermediate between a shrub-savanna and a woodland. Pitch pine and white oak are the most abundant trees.

Associated Species [-]
  • A Noctuid Moth (Abagrotis brunneipennis)
  • Spiny Oakworm Moth (Anisota stigma)
  • (Caripeta sp 1)
  • Jersey Jair Underwing (Catocala jair ssp 2)
  • An Underwing Moth (Catocala sp 3 nr ilia)
  • A Moth (Panthea sp 1)
  • Pink Sallow (Psectraglaea carnosa)
  • Edwards' Hairstreak (Satyrium edwardsii)
  • Gray-Banded Zale (Zale squamularis)