New York Natural Heritage Program
Jersey Jair Underwing
Catocala jair ssp. 2

Threats [-]
Elimination and fragmentation of habitat by commercial and residential development is the main threat to moth and butterfly species such as the Jersey jair underwing that inhabit shrublands in southern New England and southeastern New York. Fire suppression and allowing succession may eliminate suitable habitat for the Jersey jair underwing (Wagner et al. 2003), while excessive prescribed burning and wild fires that consume entire occupied habitats are also threats (NatureServe 2010). Lights from adjacent areas such as airports can also disturb the moths.

Conservation Strategies and Management Practices [-]
Maintaining suitable habitat is the main management need. The natural communities that the Jersey jair underwing inhabits require periodic fire or mechanical management for their maintenance. When conducting prescribed burns, it is necessary to retain substantial unburned patches (refugia), since survival of Jersey jair underwings in burned areas is minimal. Therefore, it is ideal for occupied habitats to be subjected to infrequent partial burns (Wagner et al. 2003; NatureServe 2010). In addition, in occupied areas it would be beneficial to restrict ATV use and to minimize lighting to maintain dark sky conditions.