New York Natural Heritage Program
Ostrich Fern Borer Moth
Papaipema sp. 2 nr. pterisii

Brock, J. P., and K. Kaufman. 2003. Butterflies of North America. Kaufman Focus Field Guides, Houghton Mifflin Company, New York, NY 284 pp.
Eisenbeis, Gerhard. 2006. Artifical night lighting and insects: attraction of insects to streetlights in a rural setting in Germany. Pp. 281-304 in Rich, Catherine and Longcore, Travis (eds.) Ecological Consequences of Artificial Night Lighting. Island Press, Washington, covelo, London. 458 pp.
Frank, Kenneth. 2006. Effects of artifical night lighting on moths. Pp. 305-344 in Rich, C. and Longcore, T. (editors.) Ecological Consequences of Artificial Night Lighting. Island Press, Washington, covelo, London. 458 pp.
Grehan, John R, B. Parker, G. Nielsen, D. Miller, J. Hedbor, M. Sabourin, M.S. Griggs. 1995. Moths and butterflies of Vermont (Lepidoptera): a Faunal List. Univ. VT, Agric. Expt. Sta. and Dept. of Forest, parks and Recreation Misc. publ. 116, Vermont Monitoring Cooperative Bull, no.1. 94 pp. and 4 color plates
Handfield, Louis, 1999. Le Guide des Papillons du Quebec, Scientific Version. Broquet Inc, Boucherville, Quebec, Canada, 155pp + plates.
Keys, Jr.,J.; Carpenter, C.; Hooks, S.; Koenig, F.; McNab, W.H.; Russell, W.;Smith, M.L. 1995. Ecological units of the eastern United States - first approximation (cd-rom), Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. GIS coverage in ARCINFO format, selected imagery, and map unit tables.
McCabe, T. L. & D. Wagner. 1989. The biology of Sthenopis auratus Grote (Lepidoptera: Hepialidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society. 97(1): 1-10.
NatureServe. 2005. NatureServe Central Databases. Arlington, Virginia. USA
Quinter, Eric L. Entomology, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West, at 79th St. NY, NY 10024-5792.


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This guide was authored by:
Information for this guide was last updated on: 10-Aug-2017