New York Natural Heritage Program
Pale Green Pinion Moth
Lithophane viridipallens Grote, 1877
Insects

Habitat [-]
In New York State, the Pale Green Pinion Moth is found only on Long Island with the only documented occurrence for this species in the dwarf pine barrens. This species, however, is more of a generalist occupying many different habitats in the coastal plain including cedar swamps, hardwood swamps, shrub swamps, woodlands, and forests (Wagner 2005).

Associated Ecological Communities [-]
  • Coastal oak-holly forest*
    A semi-deciduous to mixed deciduous-evergreen broadleaf forest that occurs on somewhat moist and moderately well drained silt and sandy loams in low areas on morainal plateaus. In New York State this forest is best developed on the narrow peninsulas of eastern Long Island. The trees are usually not stunted, and are removed from the pruning effects of severe salt spray. The dominant canopy trees are black oak, black gum, red maple, and American beech. American holly is abundant in the subcanopy and tall shrub layers.

    * probable association but not confirmed
  • Coastal plain Atlantic white cedar swamp*
    A swamp that occurs on organic soils along streams and in poorly drained depressions of the coastal plain. Atlantic white cedar makes up over 50% of the canopy cover. In mixed stands in New York, red maple is the codominant tree.

    * probable association but not confirmed
  • Dwarf pine plains
    A woodland community dominated by dwarf individuals of pitch pine and scrub oak that occurs on nearly level outwash sand and gravel plains in eastern Long Island. The soils are infertile, coarse textured sands that are excessively well-drained.
  • Shrub swamp*
    An inland wetland dominated by tall shrubs that occurs along the shore of a lake or river, in a wet depression or valley not associated with lakes, or as a transition zone between a marsh, fen, or bog and a swamp or upland community. Shrub swamps are very common and quite variable.

    * probable association but not confirmed

Associated Species [-]
  • Toothed Apharetra (Apharetra dentata)
  • Herodias Underwing (Catocala herodias)
  • Jair Underwing (Catocala jair)
  • Melsheimer's Sack Bearer (Cicinnus melsheimeri)
  • Packard's Lichen Moth (Cisthene packardii)
  • Projecta Gray (Cleora projecta)
  • A Moth (Dasychira pinicola)
  • A Geometrid Moth (Euchlaena madusaria)
  • Violet Dart (Euxoa violaris)
  • Coastal Barrens Buckmoth (Hemileuca maia ssp 5)
  • Orange Holomelina (Holomelina aurantiaca)
  • Yellow-Spotted Graylet (Hyperstrotia flaviguttata)
  • Barrens Itame (Itame sp 1)
  • A Slug Moth (Monoleuca semifascia)
  • Gray Woodgrain (Morrisonia mucens)
  • Pink Sallow (Psectraglaea carnosa)
  • A Noctuid Moth (Schinia spinosae)
  • Gordian Sphinx (Sphinx gordius)
  • Pine Barrens Zale (Zale sp 1 nr lunifera)