New York Natural Heritage Program
Violet Dart
Euxoa violaris (Grote and Robinson, 1868)
Insects

Habitat [-]
The violet dart inhabits sandy, grassy, coastal habitats (Covell 1984; NatureServe Explorer 2010). In New York State, it has been found in several habitats including maritime grasslands, maritime dunes, maritime heathlands, dwarf pine plains, and pitch pine-oak-heath woodlands. It seems to be found particularly in openings in pitch pine coastal barrens and pitch pine scrub oak habitats.

Associated Ecological Communities [-]
  • Dwarf pine plains
    A woodland community dominated by dwarf individuals of pitch pine and scrub oak that occurs on nearly level outwash sand and gravel plains in eastern Long Island. The soils are infertile, coarse textured sands that are excessively well-drained.
  • Maritime dunes
    A community dominated by grasses and low shrubs that occurs on active and stabilized dunes along the Atlantic coast. The composition and structure of the vegetation is variable depending on stability of the dunes, amounts of sand deposition and erosion, and distance from the ocean.
  • Maritime grassland
    A grassland community that occurs on rolling outwash plains of the glaciated portion of the Atlantic coastal plain, near the ocean and within the influence of offshore winds and salt spray.
  • Maritime heathland
    A dwarf shrubland community that occurs on rolling outwash plains and moraine of the glaciated portion of the Atlantic coastal plain, near the ocean and within the influence of onshore winds and salt spray.
  • Pitch pine-oak-heath woodland
    A pine barrens community that occurs on well-drained, infertile, sandy soils. The structure of this community is intermediate between a shrub-savanna and a woodland. Pitch pine and white oak are the most abundant trees.