New York Natural Heritage Program
Slender Flower Moth
Schinia bifascia Hübner, 1818
Kingdom: Animalia

      Phylum: Mandibulates (Mandibulata)

           Class: Insects (Insecta)

                Order: Butterflies, Skippers, and Moths (Lepidoptera)

                     Family: Owlet Moths (Noctuidae)

Comments on the Classification [-]
The correct application of the species names bifascia and gracilenta remains unclear. While Hardwick (1996) sinks Schinia bifascia Hubner, 1818 to S. gracilenta Hubner, 1818, his discussion provides no resolution. Hardwick also seemed unaware that there are separate salt marsh and inland species involved. Both original illustrations and descriptions are too crude to allow determination as to which species they represent. The Type Locality is "Georgia" for both names and for synonym divergens, while "synonym" digitalis from Dallas, Texas presumably is the inland species. Presumably both species occur in Georgia. The facts appear to be these: there is a larger Midwestern (prairie?) and southeastern species that is well illustrated as bifascia in the Rings et al. (1992) Ohio noctuids book. Apparently this species is consistently identified as bifascia. There is a different coastal (Massachusetts to Texas) salt marsh species widely known under both names and well represented under both names from Long Island, New York at the US National Museum and elsewhere. Neither species appears to be globally rare. The name S. bifascia is used here because two other states (New Jersey and Massachusetts) in addition to New York track the salt marsh species under this name and this usage may be correct.