New York Natural Heritage Program
Midland Clubtail
Gomphurus fraternus
Insects

Threats [-]
Any activity which might lead to water contamination or the alteration of natural hydrology could impact Midland Clubtail populations (Holst 2005). Such threats might include roadway and agricultural run-off, industrial pollution, the building of dams, recreational boating, and development near their habitats (Natural Heritage Endangered Species Program 2003, Holst 2005).

Conservation Strategies and Management Practices [-]
Any efforts to reduce roadway and agricultural run-off, industrial pollution, flow manipulation, development of upland stream borders, and contamination of fast-flowing streams should be considered when managing for this species (Natural Heritage Endangered Species Program 2003, Holst 2005).

Research Needs [-]
Further research is needed to define the distribution and population size of the Midland Clubtail. In addition, research is required to understand the habitat requirements and threats to this species, and to create appropriate management guidelines for its persistence in known locations (Holst 2005).