New York Natural Heritage Program
Incurvate Emerald
Somatochlora incurvata Walker, 1918

Habitat [-]
In New York this species inhabits large, open, forest-bordered bogs, poor fens, and peatlands with widely scattered tamarack and black spruce, and ericaceous bog shrubs interspersed with sedges and Sphagnum, with abundant shallow, pooled water and rivulets. The water in these pools is clear and cold and moves almost imperceptibly through the sphagnum mat (Shiffer 1993). In Michigan, S. incurvata can be found in patterned peatlands and northern fens associated with marl- or peat-containing flowing alkaline groundwater (Lee 1999). Wisconsin habitats are large wetland complexes on old glacial lake beds, often adjacent to sandy pine uplands. Larvae have only recently been described and were found clinging to the underside of sphagnum mounds at pool edges in partially decomposed dark brown sphagnum and sedges (Wisconsin Natural Heritage Inventory Program 2010).

Associated Ecological Communities [-]
  • Black spruce-tamarack bog
    A conifer forest that occurs on acidic peatlands in cool, poorly drained depressions. The characteristic trees are black spruce and tamarack; in any one stand, either tree may be dominant, or they may be codominant. Canopy cover is quite variable, ranging from open canopy woodlands with as little as 20% cover of evenly spaced canopy trees to closed canopy forests with 80 to 90% cover.
  • Dwarf shrub bog
    A wetland usually fed by rainwater or mineral-poor groundwater and dominated by short, evergreen shrubs and peat mosses. The surface of the peatland is usually hummocky, with shrubs more common on the hummocks and peat moss throughout. The water in the bog is usually nutrient-poor and acidic.
  • Inland poor fen
    A wetland fed by acidic water from springs and seeps. Plant remains in these fens do not decompose rapidly and thus the plants in these fens usually grow on older, undecomposed plant parts of mostly sphagnum mosses.

Associated Species [-]
  • Canada Darner (Aeshna canadensis)
  • Variable Dancer (Argia fumipennis violacea)
  • Sphagnum Sprite (Nehalennia gracilis)