New York Natural Heritage Program
Incurvate Emerald
Somatochlora incurvata Walker, 1918

Abbott, J.C. 2006-2017. OdonataCentral: An online resource for the distribution and identification of Odonata. Available at (Accessed: March 17, 2017).
Bick, G.H. 1983. Odonata at risk in conterminous United States and Canada. Odonatologica 12(3):209-226.
Corser, J.D., E.L. White, and M.D. Schlesinger. 2014. Odonata origins, biogeography, and diversification in an Eastern North American hotspot: multiple pathways to high temperate forest insect diversity. Insect Conservation and Diversity 7:393-404.
Donnelly, T.W. 1999. The dragonflies and damselflies of New York. Prepared for the 1999 International Congress of Odonatology and First Symposium of the Worldwide Dragonfly Association. July 11-16, 1999. Colgate University, Hamilton, New York. 39 pp.
Jones, Colin D., Andrea Kingsley, Peter Burke, and Matt Holder. 2008. The dragonflies and damselflies of Algonquin Provincial Park and the surrounding area. The Friends of the Algonquin Park. Whitney, ON.
Keys, Jr.,J.; Carpenter, C.; Hooks, S.; Koenig, F.; McNab, W.H.; Russell, W.;Smith, M.L. 1995. Ecological units of the eastern United States - first approximation (cd-rom), Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. GIS coverage in ARCINFO format, selected imagery, and map unit tables.
Lee, Y. 1999. Special animal abstract for Somatochlora incurvata (Incurvate Emerald dragonfly). Michigan Natural Features Inventory. Lansing, MI.  Available
NatureServe. 2005. NatureServe Central Databases. Arlington, Virginia. USA
Needham, J.G. and M.J. Westfall, Jr. 1954. A Manual of the Dragonflies of North America (Anisoptera). University of California Press, Berkeley, California. 615 pp.
New York Natural Heritage Program. 2006. Element distribution model for Somatochlora incurvata. Albany, NY. 3-12-2010.
New York Natural Heritage Program. 2017. Element Occurrence Database.State University of New York College of Environmental Science andForestry, Albany, NY.
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. 2005. Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy Planning Database. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, NY.
Nikula, B., J.L. Loose, and M.R. Burne. 2003. A field guide to the dragonflies and damselflies of Massachusetts. Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program, Westborough, MA. 197 pp.
Paulson, D. 2011. Dragonflies and damselflies of the east. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, USA.
Shiffer, C.N. 1969. Occurrence and habits of Somatochlora incurvata, new for Pennsylvania (Odonata:Corduliinae). The Michigan Entomologist 2(3-4):75-76.
Shiffer, Clark. 1993. Observatoions on Somatochlora incurvata in Pennsylvania. ARGIA 5:10-11.
Walker, E.M., and P.S. Corbet. 1975. The Odonata of Canada and Alaska. Vol 3. The Anisoptera--Three families. Univ. Toronto Press. 307 pp.
White, Erin L., Jeffrey D. Corser, and Matthew D. Schlesinger. 2010. The New York Dragonfly and Damselfly Survey 2005-2009: distribution and status of the odonates of New York. New York Natural Heritage Program, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, NY. 450 pp.
Wiley, R.L. and H.O.Eiler. 1972. Drought resistance in subalpine nymphs of Somatochlora semicircularis Selys (Odonata: Corduliidae). The American Midland Naturalist 87:215-220.
Wisconsin Natural Heritage Inventory Program. 2010. Endandered Resources Program species Information, Somatochlora incurvata. Wisconsin Depeartment of Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin.


Funding from the NYSDEC Hudson River Estuary Program made the initial development of these guides possible.

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New York Natural Heritage Program
625 Broadway, 5th Floor, Albany, NY 12233-4757
Phone: (518) 402-8935 Fax: (518) 402-8925

Please send comments and suggestions to: acris [at] nynhp [dot] org

To continue building a comprehensive, up-to-date database of information on the locations of rare species in New York State, we invite your contributions. If you have information on a rare species, please fill out our Online Rare Species Reporting Form. If you have information on ecological communities, please fill out a Natural Heritage Reporting Form (two-page MS Word document).

This guide was authored by: Erin L. White
Information for this guide was last updated on: 10-Aug-2017