New York Natural Heritage Program
Musk Root
Adoxa moschatellina L.
Adoxa moschatellina at Stony Clove Notch. Gregory J. Edinger
Family: (Adoxaceae)

State Protection: Endangered
listed species are those with: 1) 5 or fewer extant sites, or 2) fewer than 1,000 individuals, or 3) restricted to fewer than 4 U.S.G.S. 7 minute topographical maps, or 4) species listed as endangered by U.S. Department of Interior.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S1
A State Rarity Rank of S1 means: This plant is endangered/critically imperiled in New York because of extreme rarity (typically 5 or fewer populations or very few remaining individuals) or is extremely vulnerable to extirpation from New York due to biological factors.

Global Rarity Rank: G5
A Global Rarity Rank of G5 means: This species is demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.

Did you know?
New York populations of this plant are separated by appoximately one thousand miles from their closest known populations outside of the state. Considering that this plant is supposedly dispersed by snails, that is a long-distance road trip. The common name moschatel is French for "little musk" and refers to the musk odor of the flowers and roots (Fernald 1950). The Scottish picked up on the clock image that many see in the flowers of this plant. In Scotland, it is known as "Wee Toon Clock (small town clock) (Flora Celtica Database 2010)."

State Ranking Justification [-]
Adoxa is limited in distribution to the Catskill Mountains where it is found on the fragile talus slopes, often near cold-air vents through the talus. Currently, there are three known populations that seem stable with no immediate threats. There are possibly up to ten populations within the Catskills, but finding this small plant is difficult.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]