New York Natural Heritage Program
Sandplain Gerardia
Agalinis acuta Pennell
Agalinis acuta Stephen M. Young
Family: Figwort Family (Scrophulariaceae)

State Protection: Endangered
listed species are those with: 1) 5 or fewer extant sites, or 2) fewer than 1,000 individuals, or 3) restricted to fewer than 4 U.S.G.S. 7 minute topographical maps, or 4) species listed as endangered by U.S. Department of Interior.

Federal Protection: Endangered
Listed as Endangered in the United States by the US Department of Interior.

State Rarity Rank: S1
A State Rarity Rank of S1 means: This plant is endangered/critically imperiled in New York because of extreme rarity (typically 5 or fewer populations or very few remaining individuals) or is extremely vulnerable to extirpation from New York due to biological factors.

Global Rarity Rank: G1
A Global Rarity Rank of G1 means: This species is critically imperiled globally because of extreme rarity (typically five or fewer known populations), very few remaining individuals, or is especially vulnerable to extinction because of some factor of its biology.

Did you know?
Sandplain gerardia was one of the first New York plants to be put on the federal endangered species list, on September 7, 1988 (US Fish and Wildlife Service 2010).

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are four known occurrences on Long Island but all of the sites are fairly small and isolated natural areas which need constant management. In good reproduction years a couple of the sites have tens of thousands of plants. There are nine historical occurrences that are now considered extirpated. There are two additional small occurrences that were known to exist until 2000 and 2004 but have since been extirpated. There are five more sites on Long Island where plants have been introduced, one with hundreds of plants, but they are not used for ranking the species.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]