New York Natural Heritage Program
Coast Violet
Viola brittoniana Pollard
Viola brittoniana var brittoniana Troy Weldy
Family: Violet Family (Violaceae)

State Protection: Endangered
listed species are those with: 1) 5 or fewer extant sites, or 2) fewer than 1,000 individuals, or 3) restricted to fewer than 4 U.S.G.S. 7 minute topographical maps, or 4) species listed as endangered by U.S. Department of Interior.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S1
A State Rarity Rank of S1 means: This plant is endangered/critically imperiled in New York because of extreme rarity (typically 5 or fewer populations or very few remaining individuals) or is extremely vulnerable to extirpation from New York due to biological factors.

Global Rarity Rank: G4G5
A Global Rarity Rank of G4G5 means: Apparently or Demonstrably Secure globally - Uncommon to common in the world, but not rare; usually widespread, but may be rare in some parts of its range; possibly some cause for long-term concern due to declines or other factors. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status.

Did you know?
The decline in numbers of this violet is very similar to the decline of the silvery aster. Once widespread on Long Island, it is now only known from one location, even though there seems to be abundant habitat left.

State Ranking Justification [-]
There is only one existing population of less than 50 plants. This was once more widespread on Long Island with 30 historical records, but most of them have been extirpated by development.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]