New York Natural Heritage Program
Carolina Sedge
Carex caroliniana Schwein.
Carex caroliniana line drawing Britton, N.L., and A. Brown (1913); downloaded from USDA-Plants Database.
Family: Sedge Family (Cyperaceae)

State Protection: Endangered
listed species are those with: 1) 5 or fewer extant sites, or 2) fewer than 1,000 individuals, or 3) restricted to fewer than 4 U.S.G.S. 7 minute topographical maps, or 4) species listed as endangered by U.S. Department of Interior.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: SH
A State Rarity Rank of SH means: This plant is only historically known from New York State, typically with the last plant observed over 20 years ago. Many SH plants have not been seen in 50-100 years.

Global Rarity Rank: G5
A Global Rarity Rank of G5 means: This species is demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.

Did you know?
The specific epithet caroliniana means of Carolina (Fernald 1970). The locality information for the dried plant specimen that this species is based on (the type locality) is "Carol." Reverend Lewis D. De Schweinitz named this species caroliniana in an article in 1824 (Schweinitz 1824). He also named other species in this same article which have the same type locality, but this is the only one given the epithet caroliniana. So, perhaps it is more than the type locality that determined why Schweinitz named this species caroliniana.

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are no known populations today, but at least three historical locations have been document. The two from Long Island are considered extirpated and the one located near Allegany State Park needs additional survey effort. Flora of North America does not include New York as part of these species range, but it does include Pennsylvania and New Jersey. The northern limit is apparently southeastern New York and the Southern Tier. There is a possibility this plant has been overlooked, but all records should be compared to more common similar looking sedges.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]