New York Natural Heritage Program
Cranefly Orchid
Tipularia discolor (Pursh) Nutt.
Tipularia discolor flowers John Heidecker
Family: Orchid Family (Orchidaceae)

State Protection: Endangered
listed species are those with: 1) 5 or fewer extant sites, or 2) fewer than 1,000 individuals, or 3) restricted to fewer than 4 U.S.G.S. 7 minute topographical maps, or 4) species listed as endangered by U.S. Department of Interior.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S1
A State Rarity Rank of S1 means: This plant is endangered/critically imperiled in New York because of extreme rarity (typically 5 or fewer populations or very few remaining individuals) or is extremely vulnerable to extirpation from New York due to biological factors.

Global Rarity Rank: G4G5
A Global Rarity Rank of G4G5 means: Apparently or Demonstrably Secure globally - Uncommon to common in the world, but not rare; usually widespread, but may be rare in some parts of its range; possibly some cause for long-term concern due to declines or other factors. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status.

Did you know?
The leaves are green on top and purple on the bottom, giving this orchid its species name which means two colors (Fernald 1950). Many hours have been spent looking for an old record of this orchid in the woods near Montauk Point but it has never been rediscovered.

State Ranking Justification [-]
There is one small existing occurrence of about 50-100 plants. It is subject to some direct disturbance from visitors to the park where it occurs. There are three populations from 1878 and the early 1900s that need to be resurveyed to see if they still exist. Four additional populations from New York City are now extirpated because their habitat has been destroyed.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]