New York Natural Heritage Program
False China-root
Smilax pseudochina L.
Smilax pseudochina drawing from USDA-NRCS PLANTS Britton and Brown 1913
Family: Greenbrier Family (Smilacaceae)

State Protection: Endangered
listed species are those with: 1) 5 or fewer extant sites, or 2) fewer than 1,000 individuals, or 3) restricted to fewer than 4 U.S.G.S. 7 minute topographical maps, or 4) species listed as endangered by U.S. Department of Interior.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S1
A State Rarity Rank of S1 means: This plant is endangered/critically imperiled in New York because of extreme rarity (typically 5 or fewer populations or very few remaining individuals) or is extremely vulnerable to extirpation from New York due to biological factors.

Global Rarity Rank: G4G5
A Global Rarity Rank of G4G5 means: Apparently or Demonstrably Secure globally - Uncommon to common in the world, but not rare; usually widespread, but may be rare in some parts of its range; possibly some cause for long-term concern due to declines or other factors. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status.

Did you know?
This plant was named after the Asian species Smilax china (China-root) because it has similar characteristics and is used medicinally as the medicine sarsaparilla (Fernald 1950). There are 4 times as many species of Smilax in China than all of the US and Canada (Wikipedia contibutors). There is a Greek myth about the story of the mortal Crocus being seduced by the forest nymph Smilax (Mifsud 2010).

State Ranking Justification [-]
There is one existing population without information about its quantity or quality. There are four populations from the late 1800s to 1931 that need to be resurveyed to see if they still exist. There are five populations that no longer exist because their habitat has been destroyed.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]