New York Natural Heritage Program
Inland Atlantic White Cedar Swamp
Inland Atlantic white cedar swamp Timothy Howard
System: Palustrine
SubSystem: Forested Peatlands

State Protection: Not Listed
Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S1
A State Rarity Rank of S1 means: Typically 5 or fewer occurrences, very few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or some factor of its biology makes it especially vulnerable in New York State.

Global Rarity Rank: G2G3
A Global Rarity Rank of G2G3 means: Imperiled or Vulnerable globally - At high or moderate risk of extinction due to rarity or other factors; typically 80 or fewer populations or locations in the world, few individuals, restricted range, few remaining acres (or miles of stream), and/or recent and widespread declines. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status.

Did you know?
Atlantic white cedar is a tree prized for its high resistance to decay and beautiful white wood. Muck farming in Orange County and logging in other areas have resulted in a loss of about 85% of inland Atlantic white cedar swamps in New York. Some remaining examples are along ridgetops far removed from the coastal plain where Atlantic white cedar is more common. These swamps have also been drained, flooded, dammed, converted to development, and impacted by pollution, road construction, and invasive species.

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are only a few occurrences statewide. A few documented occurrences have good viability and are protected on public land or private conservation land. This community is restricted to the Hudson Highlands and Eastern Allegheny Plateau of southeastern New York in Orange and Putnam counties. There are very few high quality examples left in the state. The current trend of this community is probably declining due to imminent threats related to the alteration to the natural hydrology by beaver and other development pressure. This community has declined substantially from historical numbers likely correlated to logging of cedar and subsequent agricultural development.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]