New York Natural Heritage Program
Medium Fen
Carex lasiocarpa dominated medium fen at Newcomb Swamp. Gregory J. Edinger
System: Palustrine
SubSystem: Open Peatlands

State Protection: Not Listed
Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S2S3
A State Rarity Rank of S2S3 means: Imperiled or Vulnerable in New York - Very vulnerable to disappearing from New York, or vulnerable to becoming imperiled in New York, due to rarity or other factors; typically 6 to 80 populations or locations in New York, few individuals, restricted range, few remaining acres (or miles of stream), and/or recent and widespread declines. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status.

Global Rarity Rank: G3G4
A Global Rarity Rank of G3G4 means: Vulnerable globally, or Apparently Secure -- At moderate risk of extinction, with relatively few populations or locations in the world, few individuals, and/or restricted range; or uncommon but not rare globally; may be rare in some parts of its range; possibly some cause for long-term concern due to declines or other factors. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status.

Did you know?
One of the dominate plants in medium fens is sweet-gale. Historically, gale was used to flavor beer. Today, most brewers use hop. However, in the middle ages, gale was the most efficient and cheap flavoring. Beer was also flavored with fennel, mint, juniper, and rosemary, as well as gale, to improve the durability as well as the taste. Gale is also used as a spice in soups and stews, like bay leaves. Their catkins, or cones, produce a wax when boiled in water that can be used to make candles.

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are several hundred occurrences statewide. Some documented occurrences have good viability and many are protected on public land or private conservation land. This community is limited to the calcareous areas of the state, and includes several large, high quality examples. The current trend of this community is probably stable for occurrences on public land, or declining slightly elsewhere due to moderate threats related to development pressure or alteration to the natural hydrology.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]