New York Natural Heritage Program
Coastal Oak-Laurel Forest
Coastal oak-laurel forest at Tiffany Creek Preserve in Nassau County. Gregory J. Edinger
System: Terrestrial
SubSystem: Forested Uplands

State Protection: Not Listed
Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S3
A State Rarity Rank of S3 means: Typically 21 to 100 occurrences, limited acreage, or miles of stream in New York State.

Global Rarity Rank: G3G4
A Global Rarity Rank of G3G4 means: Vulnerable globally, or Apparently Secure -- At moderate risk of extinction, with relatively few populations or locations in the world, few individuals, and/or restricted range; or uncommon but not rare globally; may be rare in some parts of its range; possibly some cause for long-term concern due to declines or other factors. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status.

Did you know?
The genus of mountain laurel, Kalmia, was named by Carolus Linneaus in honor of one of his students, Swedish botanist Pehr Kalm. Kalm began his botanical career in Sweden and traveled extensively doing field research. Kalm kept a journal during his time in North America that continues to be an important source of information on early life in the colonies.

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are an estimated 5 to 50 extant occurrences statewide. There are few currently documented occurrences, but they have good viability and are protected on public conservation land. The community is restricted to interior portions of the Coastal Lowlands ecozone in New York in Suffolk County and is concentrated on knolls and mid to upper slopes of moraines. The acreage, extent, and condition of coastal oak-laurel forests in New York is suspected to be declining. They are vulnerable to fragmentation and extirpation by continued residential development. Heavy deer browse and exotic species invasion are additional threats.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]