New York Natural Heritage Program
Hemlock-Northern Hardwood Forest
Hemlock-northern hardwood forest at Franklin D. Roosevelt NHS (plot RHA2) Gregory J. Edinger
System: Terrestrial
SubSystem: Forested Uplands

State Protection: Not Listed
Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S4
A State Rarity Rank of S4 means: Apparently secure in New York State.

Global Rarity Rank: G4G5
A Global Rarity Rank of G4G5 means: Apparently or Demonstrably Secure globally - Uncommon to common in the world, but not rare; usually widespread, but may be rare in some parts of its range; possibly some cause for long-term concern due to declines or other factors. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status.

Did you know?
The Nature Conservancy's first preserve was a hemlock-hardwood forest. Mianus River Gorge Preserve, purchased in 1955, is located in Bedford, Westchester County, New York. A majestic stand of 350-year-old hemlock trees, some up to 100 feet tall, are found in the preserve. For information on how to visit the preserve, go to states/newyork/preserves/art12419.html.

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are several thousand occurrences statewide. Many documented occurrences have good viability and many are protected on public land or private conservation land. This community has a statewide distribution and includes several very large, high quality, old-growth examples. The current trend of this community is probably declining due to moderate and imminent threats related to hemlock woolly adelgid and development pressure.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]